Dr. J. Kour
Tri-Chandra College

The Neem tree is an evergreen tree found in the southern regions of Nepal. Scientifically named Azadirachta Indica. Being hardy in nature, it survives in almost all climatic conditions ranging from hot, tropical, semi- temperate and even above freezing, by shedding its leaves in tough conditions but rebounding quickly even with the least moisture.

It is a fast growing tree that requires less water for growth; hence it is considered a renewable medicinal resource. Every part of the neem tree has medicinal application and value; its roots, seeds, leaves and bark have been consistently used in Nepali Ayurveda for more than 2000 years.

In fact, it was also known as the ‘Village Dispensary”, for Nepali medicine men made poultices of neem leaves to cure a variety of conditions like : eczema, ulcers, ringworm infections, fungal infections, athlete’s foot, lesions in the mouth and vagina, small and chicken pox, herpes, etc. Having over a 130 different bio-active compounds, neem is known to treat over a hundred diseases.

Neem oil is dark and bitter, containing many steroids like – β-sitosterol, linoleic and oleic acids. Being rich in omega 3, 6 and 9, it is widely used for skin and hair healthcare, for keeping vibrant, lustrous, and cleansed and odourfree. Because of its anti-microbial and anti-bacterial properties, it is a very important component in organic cosmetics like soaps, shampoos, creams and lotions for the body.

Neem contains chemicals which decrease gastric acid secretions, reduce blood sugar, are anti-biotic and anti-virus, heal ulcers, bolster immunity and keep the gastro-intestinal tract healthy. The twigs of the neem tree are used as tooth brushes and neem leaf extracts are used as tooth paste for it prevents gingivitis and gum diseases.
Daily consumption of the neem herb is also seen to ensure proper water and fat metabolism, healthy respiration, and to clear and lubricate the skin. Daily consumption of neem also keeps cancer cells in the body in safe limits, so that they do not get organized to create malignant tumors or cancers. It is also used as an organic bio-pesticide and insect-repellant against Japanese beetles, meal worms, etc.

But what may not be widely known about it is its’ anti-fertility potential. In fact, Neem is a Miracle Herbal Contraceptive. As far back as the 1st century BC, Charaka- the Indian physician prescribed the use of neem typically as herbal birth control. Cotton soaked in neem oil was kept inside the vagina for fifteen minutes before intercourse, and this was a 100% effective lubricating spermicidal.

Today, synthetic contraceptives like the patch, ring, pill or implant may be doing their jobs, but they have also caused hormonal imbalances and disruptions, along with inducing multiple risks in women such as – breast and cervical cancers, heart strokes, low bone density, blood clots, insulin resistance, ectopic pregnancy, etc. Using a herbal alternative like neem is very workable, for it comes with the fringe benefits of having no side effects, preventing vaginal and sexually transmitted diseases, being both anti- bacterial and anti-biotic in nature.
Recent research has concluded the viability of neem as a very reliable male contraceptive. When neem capsules were consumed on a regular basis by male subjects, it was seen that temporary sterility was induced. By decreasing the motility of the sperms, fertilization and therefore unwanted pregnancy was prevented.

But this is a reversible action, without any side effects on the sperm production/count and sexual drive. After 6 weeks of disuse, the reproductive capacity in males was restored again. This temporary sterility allows reproductive freedom for couples. During in vitro experiments, it was seen that neem extracts containing sodium nimbidinate at 1000 mg was able to kill all sperm in 5 minutes. At 250 mg level, it required 30 minutes.
Because of its’ heat generating ability, it is an effective birth control and abortifacient for women. Because of its’ excess heat, one might lose the fetus, and those who are planning to conceive, are advised not to have neem for it might treat the fetus like a foreign body and eliminate it. The usage of hexane extracted neem oil is most effective when injected internally for contraceptive purposes.

In women, this oil can induce one year long full stop to unwanted pregnancy by injecting the oil in the junction of the uterus and fallopian tubes, without any alterations or effects on their normal menstrual and ovarian cycles. It produces antigens in the uterus which makes it unsuitable environment for fetus implantation. In men, the oil is injected into the vas deferens- the tubes that carry sperms in the penis. This is a surgical alternative to vasectomy. (In invitro experiments, the sperms were killed within 30 seconds of introducing the oil.)
Neem oil can be used by both the males and females in gel and cream forms and can be applied on either genital for effective anti-fertility, even for after 5 hours after application. When ingesting neem as powder or capsule, it is highly advisable to drink a lot of water because it brings down blood sugar and blood pressure levels significantly. Always consult a medical doctor before commencing use. Because of its multifarious medicinal value, it is truly nature’s own drugstore.


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