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Exploring the Universe

Mankind has always been searching the ultimate truth guiding the universe. Presently, we have sources thousands of years old directed to know the nature. Aristotle, Newton, Einstein are some of the prominent names who tried to unravel the mysteries of nature. Yet, it can be easily said that we have failed to know the nature completely.

More than 95% of the universe is composed of dark matter and dark energy. Scientists do not have any concrete evidence till now shading light on this conundrum. The acceleration of the universe, the variation in the mass of the bodies in the space has led us to know about the dark forces which continue to surpass the imagination of the human. Modern day scientists all around the world are working in groups or individually to come with an idea about the principle of the universe. Looking deep into anything, it is found that everything has a certain pattern. These patterns expressed in terms of mathematics will lead us to know about the secrets of nature.

Particle Physics deals with unfolding the hidden principles of the universe. This field of physics studies the subatomic particles like electron, protons and neutrons. Although electron is a fundamental particle, protons and neutrons are not. They are made of quarks. The four forces of nature and their interaction governs the universe. The weakest force, gravity and the strongest force, strong force have vast differences in their range while the energy of a huge number of current scientists of the world is dedicated to unify all these four forces. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is the largest institution with more than 10,000 scientists from more than 100 countries which aims to understand the fundamentals.

It is obvious, understanding the universe that we ourselves are part of, is not going to be an easy undertaking. It is going to take all the hard work and all the collaborations. Honesty, morality and persistence will be a crucial factor in our way towards the ultimate truth.

Nischal Shrestha


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