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Driest and Wettest Place on Earth

By Suman Kandel

We might wonder looking at the world aside us which presents us miracles in every aspect of it. Today we look for another mystery of our home; the earth, which seems to be fascinating and exciting our nerves. As we know the temperature, Sunlight intensity and warmth, duration of day and night vary in different regions of the earth. Probably know to most of you, the rainfall also varies from place to place on the earth.

Today we present to you the details on driest and wettest place on our earth.

The Driest:  Atacama Desert

The Atacama Desert, in South America which covers 1000(km) strip of land on the pacific coast is crowned as the driest place on the planet earth. Atacama Desert equips the area of 105,000 (sq.km), which is about 71% of the total area of Nepal. The desert contains most of the sand, stony terrains and felsic lava. The average rainfall at this scary place is 15(mm) or 0.6(inch).

(A flat area of the Atacama Desert between Antofagasta and Taltal, source: Wikipedia)       

In spite of its extreme climate, a wide variety of flora can be found there. More than 500 species have been recorded in the desert till now.

Because of the high altitude of the desert, no clouds on the sky over it, dry air and lack of light population, the desert has proved to be of use for the astronomical observatories.

The wettest: Cherrapunji

Cherrapunji, commonly known as Sohra, is the wettest place on earth. It is located in East Khasi hills district in the state of Meghalaya in India. It holds the all-time record for the most rainfall in a calendar year although Mawsynram holds the title currently.

(Border showing Cherrapunji as the wettest place on earth, source: Wikipedia)

The average rainfall in Cherrapunji is 11,777 mm which is less than only 96 than that of Mawsynram. Cherrapunji has already received two Guinness world record for the maximum amount of rainfall in a single year and in a single month.

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherrapunji






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